skazka_bochki (skazka_bochki) wrote,


Экскурсоводы говорят, что замок Шантийи - второй по значимости французский музей после Лувра. Шантийи прекрасен; я бы с удовольствием приезжала сюда вновь и вновь. Отличительная черта - здесь нет толп туристов. Это такое наслаждение - гулять по сказочно красивому дворцу и парку без отвлекающей бестолковой суеты вокруг.

Запомнилась картина Джошуа Рейнольдса
"Портрет Марии Уолпол с дочерью Элизабет Лаурой", 1762
Чувствуешь энергию тепла материнской любви и привязанности ребёнка к маме.

Maria Walpole alias Clements, Duchess of Gloucester (1736-1807)
Born: 10th July 1736
at St. James', Westminster, Middlesex
Countess Waldegrave
Duchess of Gloucester
Duchess of Edinburgh
Died: 2nd August 1807
at Oxford Lodge, Brompton, Middlesex
Maria was one of the three the illegitimate daughters of Hon. Edward Walpole of Frogmore House in Windsor, by Dorothy Clements, a charming and beautiful milliner from Darlington in Co. Durham. This lady bore him five children but, although a faithful lover, he never married her because he feared the opposition of his father, Sir Robert. The surviving children, three daughters, were, however, brought up as Walpoles and recognised as such by the family.
Her uncle, Horace Walpole, called her "Beauty itself" and, when he introduced her to the forty-three-year-old Lord Waldegrave, the latter was soon captivated, despite his being generally thought of as a confirmed bachelor. Maria's extravagant tastes encouraged her not to be put off by his apparent lack of personal hygiene and Dr. Keppel tied the knot at Luxborough House, Sir Edward's Pall Mall home, on 15th May 1759.
Maria's husband, James, Earl Waldegrave, was an intimate friend and adviser of King George II. Circumstances gradually forced him to a more and more obvious share in active politics, and he must have succeeded to the leadership of the Whigs at the crisis that occurred soon after his death from smallpox in 1763.
The widowed Maria and her three infant daughters.
The Duchess of Cumberland had taken every precaution and could produce registers, certificates and witnesses to prove her case. The Duchess of Gloucester's position was very different: she had been married at her own house in Pall Mall on 6th September 1766, without any witnesses, and by her own chaplain, who died shortly afterwards. So the evidence for the union rested on the sworn statements of husband and wife, at that time perfectly adequate. The authenticity of the ceremony was not questioned and Parliament pronounced in its favour, with the result that the girl at one time entitled to no name but 'Maria' could write herself 'Princess of Great Britain and Ireland'. Though she was never received at Court.
The Duchess of Gloucester died, greatly respected, in 1807. Her three daughters, by her first marriage, had received lodgings at Windsor Castle in 1772, and all married well; the other daughter, Sophia, "a jolly frank Princess, full of good fun and good sense" who lived at the New Lodge in Winkfield, remained single. Dorothy Clements' grandson, the second Duke of Gloucester, was kept in reserve as a possible Prince Consort of England, should a suitable foreign husband not be found for Princess Charlotte of Wales. A few weeks after her wedding, in 1816, he married his old flame, Princess Mary, George III's daughter and Queen Victoria's favourite aunt. All the Gloucesters were buried in St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle.
Tags: Музеи, Франция
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